Five Most Common Bone Disorders You Should Know About

spinal cord

Bones are essential parts of the human body. Their fundamental role is to give the body shape and support. Like the rest of the body, bones are made of living tissues that undergo constant growth and regeneration, which means that they are susceptible to health issues. Below is an outline of some of the most common bone disorders.

Osteoporosis

This is probably the most common bone disease. It is a condition characterized by significant bone loss. Your bones will also have low density, which means they will be brittle and highly susceptible to fractures. Unfortunately, its cause is still unknown, and there isn’t a precise cure for this disorder.

The disorder is more likely to affect women than men. It mostly manifests in the hips, spine, and wrists. Treatment of the disease includes administering Calcium and Vitamin D supplements, alleviating pain, and preventing fall-related fractures. It also involves weight-bearing exercise, such as walking.

Paget’s Disease

This is a peculiar disorder that mainly affects the pelvis, spine, skull, or legs, although it can affect any bone. The affected part develops an excessive number of overactive osteoclasts, which causes bone loss. As the patient’s body attempts to counter this, it accelerates bone formation, which results in a disorganized bone structure that is soft and enlarged.

The eventual product of full-blown Paget’s disease is a deformed bone that is susceptible to fractures and might be accompanied by pain. Like most bone disorders, Paget’s Disease poses mobility challenges when the legs or spine are affected. If you experience pain in the legs and suspect you have this or any other disorder, it is advisable to seek help from a professional podiatrist. The specialist will deploy their surgical and nonsurgical expertise to treat your conditions.

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Osteonecrosis

It is a disorder that emanates from insufficient blood flow to bones. It is the opposite of Paget’s Disease antecedent behavior. People who suffer from osteonecrosis experience dying bones that might eventually break down. This happens because the regeneration rate is lower than the breakdown. The actual cause is for osteonecrosis is not established. However, it is associated with risk factors such as long-term steroid usage and trauma that disrupts blood flow to the bone, such as a hip-bone fracture.

Osteoarthritis

It is a chronic degenerative disease that affects joints. It currently takes the lead as the most common type of arthritis. The problem arises when the tendons at the joints wear down, and the bones come into direct contact, and friction occurs. The outcome is inflammation, joint pain, and stiffness. It is impossible to reverse Osteoarthritis, so the therapy you will get will only help you deal with the pain and lead a quality life.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

This is an immunodeficiency syndrome that involves the attack of body tissues by the immune system. It affects joint linings, which leads to painful inflammation, which eventually leads to joint deformity and bone erosion.

Bones are vital parts of the human body, and you should do everything possible to keep them strong and healthy. Most bone disorders don’t have an established cause, and hence it is quite hard to tell when you are susceptible to them. The best way to keep safe is to observe your overall health and never hesitate to see a doctor if you experience pain or suspect anything is amiss.

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