Did you know that there are different types of complex dental diseases? That’s right — there isn’t just one type of complex dental disease. In fact, there are three different types. And each type requires its own specific treatment plan. Read on to learn more about the different types of complex dental diseases and how to deal with them.
Type 1: Pulpitis
Pulpitis is an inflammation of the pulp tissue. This can be caused by a deep cavity, a cracked tooth, or blunt force trauma to the tooth. Pulpitis can be either reversible or irreversible. When the inflammation is still in its early stages, reversible pulpitis can be treated with a simple root canal treatment.
Irreversible pulpitis is when the inflammation has progressed, and a root canal procedure will not suffice. In this case, the tooth will need to be extracted. You may also need to have a dental implant placed to fill the gap left by the extracted tooth. Contact an experienced oral surgeon to discuss your options and get the best possible treatment.
Type 2: Periapical Disease
The periapical disease is an infection at the tip of the root. This can be caused by a deep cavity, a cracked tooth, or repeated trauma to the tooth. The periapical disease can also be either reversible or irreversible. The reversible periapical disease is when the infection is still early and can be treated with a simple root canal procedure.
The irreversible periapical disease is when the infection has progressed, and a root canal procedure will not suffice. In this case, the tooth will need to be extracted. If the periapical disease has spread to the supporting bone, you may also need a bone graft. This may need to be done to place a dental implant in the future.
Type 3: Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums. This can be caused by plaque buildup, poor oral hygiene, genetics, certain medications, smoking, or diabetes. Periodontal disease is usually treated with a deep cleaning (also known as scaling and root planing) followed by regular maintenance cleanings every three to four months. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary.
You should see your dentist or periodontist regularly to ensure that the disease is not progressing. If you have any of the risk factors mentioned above, be sure to let your dentist know, so they can keep a close eye on your gum health.
Type 4: Oral Cancer
Oral cancer is a growth or tumor that forms in the mouth. This can be caused by tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, HPV, or a combination of these factors. Oral cancer can occur anywhere in the mouth, including the lips, tongue, gums, palate, and throat.
Oral cancer is usually treated with surgery, radiation therapy, or a combination of both. In some cases, chemotherapy may also be necessary. You should see your dentist or oral surgeon regularly for screenings. If you notice any changes in your mouth, such as a new growth or sore that doesn’t heal, make an appointment with your dentist immediately.
Type 5: Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJ)
The temporomandibular joint is the joint that connects your lower jaw to your skull. TMJ disorder is a general term to describe any joint problems. This can be caused by clenching or grinding your teeth, a misaligned bite, arthritis, or trauma to the joint.
TMJ disorder is usually treated with a combination of rest, ice, heat, and over-the-counter pain medication. Sometimes, you may also need to wear a mouthguard or splint. If the disorder is severe, you may need to see a TMJ specialist for additional treatment.
Type 6: Dental Trauma
Dental trauma is any damage to the teeth or surrounding tissues. This can be caused by a fall, car accident, sports injury, or other types of accident. The most common type of dental trauma is a chipped or fractured tooth. You should see your dentist immediately if you have a dental emergency.
Depending on the severity of the trauma, treatment can range from simple bonding to repair a chipped tooth to complex surgery to save a severely damaged tooth. In some cases, the tooth may need to be extracted. Dental implants or bridges may be necessary to replace the missing tooth or teeth.
Complex dental diseases are nothing to scoff at. If you think you may have one of these diseases, it’s important to see a dentist immediately so you can get started on treatment as soon as possible. You can help keep your teeth healthy for years to come with prompt treatment!